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Changbaishan Volcano, China

 Changbaishan Volcano, China, Volcano photo


Changbaishan Volcano, China

Scenic Lake Tianchi (Sky Lake) occupies the 5-km-wide, 850-m-deep summit caldera of massive Changbaishan stratovolcano, which straddles the China/Korea border.

The volcano is also known as Baitoushan and by the Korean names of Baegdu or P'aektu-san.

This view looks from the northern rim on the Chinese side towards the SE caldera wall on the Korean side.

One of the world's largest known Holocene explosive eruptions took place from Changbaishan about 1000 AD, depositing tephra as far away as northern Japan.

Massive Changbaishan stratovolcano, also known as Baitoushan and by the Korean names of Baegdu or P'aektu-san, is a relatively poorly known, but volcanologically significant volcano straddling the China/Korea border.

A 5-km-wide, 850-m-deep summit caldera is filled by scenic Lake Tianchi (Sky Lake).

A large Korean-speaking population resides near the volcano on both sides of the border.

The 60-km-diameter dominantly trachytic and rhyolitic volcano was constructed over the Changbaishan (Laoheidingzi) shield volcano.

Satellitic cinder cones are aligned along a NNE trend.

One of the world's largest known Holocene explosive eruptions took place from Changbaishan about 1000 AD, depositing rhyolitic and trachytic tephra as far away as northern Japan and forming in part the present caldera.

Minor historical eruptions have been recorded since the 15th century.

PHOTO SOURCE: Xiang Liu, 1983 (Changchun University), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.


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