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Furnas Volcano, Portugal

 Furnas Volcano, Portugal, Volcano photo


Furnas Volcano, Portugal

Furnas volcano, at the eastern end of Sao Miguel Island, contains at least two calderas.

The younger 6-km-wide caldera is seen here from its northern rim.

At least 11 trachytic pumice layers, all erupted during the past 5000 years, post-date the caldera.

A zone of late-Pleistocene to Holocene basaltic-to-trachytic cinder cones and lava domes is located between Furnas and neighboring Agua de Pau volcano.

The only historical eruption of Furnas volcano, during 1630, was one of the largest Holocene eruptions in the Azores.

Furnas volcano lies at the eastern end of Sao Miguel Island, immediately west of the older Nordeste shield volcano and its Povoacao caldera.

Furnas contains at least two calderas, a younger one that is 6-km wide and a larger older one that is less topographically distinct.

The eastern wall of the 500-m-deep caldera of Furnas overlaps the western wall of the Povoacao caldera of Nordeste volcano.

Volcanic activity at Furnas dates back about 100,000 years.

At least 11 trachytic pumice layers, all erupted during the past 5000 years, post-date the caldera.

The most prominent post-caldera feature is the Pico do Gaspar lava dome, east of the Lagoa das Furnas caldera lake.

A zone of late-Pleistocene to Holocene basaltic-to-trachytic cinder cones and lava domes is located between Furnas and Agua de Pau volcanoes.

Two historical eruptions have occurred at Furnas, one sometime between 1439 and 1443 and the other in 1630.

The latter was one of the largest Holocene explosive eruptions in the Azores and caused significant damage and fatalities.

PHOTO SOURCE: Rick Wunderman, 1997 (Smithsonian Institution), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.


NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.





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