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Hachijo-Jima volcano, Japan

 Hachijo-Jima volcano, Japan, Volcano photo


Hachijo-Jima volcano, Japan

Conical Nishi-yama volcano, seen here from the older cone Higashi-yama, forms the NW part of elongated Hachijo-jima island.

The island's airport and its largest town occupy the flanks of Nishi-yama.

The small volcanic island of Ko-jima (upper left) lies several km to the west of Hachijo-jima.

The latest major activity of Nishi-yama, from the early Holocene until about 4000 years ago, was restricted to flank eruptions.

Hachijo-jima, in the central Izu Islands about 300 km south of Tokyo, consists of two small Quaternary dominantly basaltic stratovolcanoes forming an elongated NW-SE-trending island.

The eroded Pleistocene-to-Holocene Higashi-yama volcano occupies the SE end of the 14-km-long island, and the symmetrical Holocene Nishi-yama volcano the NW end.

Parasitic cones occur on the SE flank of Nishi-yama.

The small volcanic island of Ko-jima lies several km to the west of Hachijo-jima.

Pyroclastic flows and surges also occurred, primarily to the west, and affected agricultural activity, causing great economic losses.

Growth of Higashi-yama began several tens of thousands of years ago, and included the formation of two small calderas.

The initial submarine and early subaerial eruptions of Nishi-yama took place from 10,000 to 8000 years before present (BP).

Its latest major activity, from the early Holocene until about 4000 years BP, was restricted to flank eruptions.

Historical eruptions of Hachijo-jima, recorded since the 15th century, have been restricted to the summit of Nishi-yama and a submarine vent of unknown location.

PHOTO SOURCE: Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.


NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.





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