COUNTRIES | Geographic.org | GEOLOGY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS

Volcano Photos

Kelut Volcano, Indonesia

 Kelut Volcano, Indonesia, Volcano photo


Kelut Volcano, Indonesia

The broad, irregular summit of Kelut volcano contains several lava domes such as Gunung Kelut in the center of the photo, and a crater lake that has been the source of frequent violent eruptions that have caused much devastation.

Construction of outlet tunnels following an eruption in 1919 in which 5110 persons were killed has reduced the number of fatalities from pyroclastic flows and lahars during subsequent eruptions.

The relatively inconspicuous, 1731-m-high Kelut stratovolcano contains a summit crater lake that has been the source of some of Indonesia's most deadly eruptions.

A cluster of summit lava domes cut by numerous craters has given the summit a very irregular profile.

Satellitic cones and lava domes are also located low on the eastern, western, and SSW flanks.

Eruptive activity has in general migrated in a clockwise direction around the summit vent complex.

More than 30 eruptions have been recorded from Gunung Kelut since 1000 AD.

The ejection of water from the crater lake during Kelut's typically short, but violent eruptions has created pyroclastic flows and lahars that have caused widespread fatalities and destruction.

After more than 5000 persons were killed during an eruption in 1919, an ambitious engineering project sought to drain the crater lake.

This initial effort lowered the lake by more than 50 m, but the 1951 eruption deepened the crater by 70 m, leaving 50 million cubic meters of water after repair of the damaged drainage tunnels.

After more than 200 deaths in the 1966 eruption, a new deeper tunnel was constructed, and the lake's volume before the 1990 eruption was only about 1 million cubic meters.

PHOTO SOURCE: Dan Dzurisin, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.


NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.





Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).

This page was last modified 16-Jul-2015, Copyright © 1995-2015 ITA all rights reserved.