COUNTRIES | Geographic.org | GEOLOGY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS

Volcano Photos

Auckland field Volcano, New Zealand

Auckland field Volcano, New Zealand, Volcano photo


Auckland field Volcano, New Zealand

Rangitoto shield volcano, the youngest volcanic center of New Zealand's Auckland volcanic field, forms a 5.5-km-wide island.

The volcano, seen here from the NW, erupted about 600 years ago and is capped by a scoria cone containing a deep crater.

The 140 sq km Auckland volcanic field contains more than 50 maars, tuff rings, and scoria cones.

Of the 19 eruptions known to have occurred during the past 20,000 years, only Rangitoto has erupted during the Holocene.

Auckland field Volcano, New Zealand, Volcano photo

The 140 sq km Auckland volcanic field, which is a late Pleistocene to late Holocene in age, lies at the southern end of the Northland Peninsula and is overlain by New Zealand's largest city.

More than 50 maars, tuff rings, small lava shields, and scoria cones have formed in the past 140,000 years in an elliptical volcanic field 29 km long in its largest (N-S) direction.

The Auckland volcanic field has dominantly produced intraplate alkali basaltic to basantic rocks forming the northernmost of a group of Quaternary volcanic fields of the Auckland Intraplate Province.

Of the 19 eruptions known to have occurred within the past 20,000 years, only one eruptive center is known to have been active during the Holocene (Smith and Allen, 1993).

The Rangitoto eruption, about 600 years ago, was the largest of the Auckland volcanic field and created the 6-km-wide Rangitoto Island, which consists of multiple scoria cones up to 260-m high that cap a low shield volcano with a broad apron of lava flows.

PHOTO SOURCE: Jim Cole, University of Canterbury, courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.


NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.





Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).

This page was last modified 16-Jul-2015, Copyright © 1995-2015 ITA all rights reserved.