Myoko Volcano, Japan
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Myoko Volcano, Japan
Myoko is a steep-sided stratovolcano in west-central Honshu that overlooks the popular resort of Lake Nojiri.
This springtime view from Madarao, SE of Myoko, shows a 3-km-wide caldera breached to the east that is partially filled by a flat-topped lava dome forming the volcano's high point.
Several episodes of edifice collapse at Myoko have produced major debris avalanches that traveled to the east and NE.
The latest dated eruptions of Myoko occurred during the mid Holocene.
No historical eruptions are known, but constant solfataric activity occurs.
Myoko is a steep-sided stratovolcano north of Nagano City that overlooks the popular resort of Lake Nojiri below its SE flank.
A 3-km-wide caldera breached widely to the east is filled by a flat-topped lava dome that forms the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano's summit.
Myoko volcano was constructed during four stages beginning about 300,000 years ago, each evolving from basaltic to andesitic and dacitic eruptions.
The latest eruptive stage began about 43,000 years ago.
Several episodes of edifice collapse at Myoko during the late Pleistocene to early Holocene have produced major debris avalanches that traveled to the east and NE.
Myoko produced pyroclastic flows down the eastern flanks of the volcano during the mid Holocene about 5800 and 4200 years ago, and the latest dated eruption produced pyroclastic surges about 2800-2500 years ago.
No historical eruptions are known at Myoko, but constant solfataric activity occurs between the dome and the south caldera wall at a place where sulfur was once mined.
PHOTO SOURCE: Yukio Hayakawa, 1998 (Gunma University), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.
NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.
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