Volcano Photos

Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia

 Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia, Volcano photo

Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia

Nevado del Ruiz is a broad, glacier-covered shield-like volcano that covers >200 sq km.

The modern cone consists of a cluster of lava domes constructed within the summit caldera of an older Ruiz.

The ash-mantled summit of Nevado del Ruiz volcano is seen here from the ESE on December 18, 1985, a little more than a month after the catastrophic eruption of November 13.

The devastating 1985 lahars swept down four major river drainages that day and caused more than 23,000 fatalities.

Three major edifices, composed of andesitic and dacitic lavas and andesitic pyroclastics, have been constructed since the beginning of the Pleistocene.

The modern cone consists of a broad cluster of lava domes built within the summit caldera of an older Ruiz volcano.

The 1-km-wide, 240-m-deep Arenas crater occupies the summit.

The prominent La Olleta pyroclastic cone is located on the SW flank, and may also have been active in historical time.

Steep headwalls of massive landslides cut the flanks of Nevado del Ruiz.

Melting of its summit icecap during historical eruptions, which date back to the 16th century, has resulted in devastating lahars, including one in 1985 that was South America's deadliest eruption.

PHOTO SOURCE: Norm Banks, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey), courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.

NOTE: The information regarding Volcano on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Volcano information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Volcano photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.

Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).

This page was last modified 16-Jul-2015, Copyright © 1995-2020 ITA all rights reserved.