YWestdahl volcano, United States
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Westdahl volcano, United States
The summit area of Westdahl volcano, located on the southwestern part of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutians, is seen here from the east.
Westdahl Peak (left) and Faris Peak (right) cap the broad Westdahl stratovolcano.
The cinder cone at the middle right marks the principal eruption site for the 1991-92 activity.
Note the snow-mantled lava flow emanating from the cinder cone.
The sinuous fissure cutting across the glacial icecap from the summit formed in the opening phases of the eruption and was the location of spectacular lava fountaining.
Westdahl is a broad, 1654-m-high glacier-covered volcano occupying the SW end of Unimak Island.
Two peaks protrude from the summit plateau, and a new crater formed in 1978 cuts the summit icecap.
The broad volcano has a somewhat of a shield-like morphology and forms one of the largest volcanoes of the Aleutian Islands.
The sharp-topped, conical Pogromni stratovolcano lies 5 km north of Westdahl.
Pogromni rises to 2002 m, several hundred meters higher than Westdahl, but is moderately glacially dissected and presumably older.
Many satellitic cones of postglacial age are located along a NW-SE line cutting across the summit of Westdahl.
Some of the historical eruptions attributed to the eroded Pogromni volcano may have originated instead from Westdahl (Miller et al. 1998).
The first historical eruption of Westdahl occurred in 1795.
An 8-km-long fissure extending east from the summit of Westdahl produced explosive eruptions and lava flows in 1991.
PHOTO SOURCE: Photo by C.F. Zeillemaker, 1993 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, courtesy of Alaska Volcano Observatory). courtesy of the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, used with permission.
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