Cyprus Economy 2009

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Cyprus Economy 2009

Economy - overview:
The area of the Republic of Cyprus under government control has a market economy dominated by the service sector, which accounts for 78% of GDP. Tourism, financial services, and real estate are the most important sectors. Erratic growth rates over the past decade reflect the economy's reliance on tourism, which often fluctuates with political instability in the region and economic conditions in Western Europe. Nevertheless, the economy in the area under government control has grown at a rate well above the EU average since 2000. Cyprus joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM2) in May 2005 and adopted the euro as its national currency on 1 January 2008. An aggressive austerity program in the preceding years, aimed at paving the way for the euro, helped turn a soaring fiscal deficit (6.3% in 2003) into a surplus of 1.2% in 2008. This prosperity will come under pressure in 2009, as construction and tourism slow in the face of reduced foreign demand triggered by the ongoing global financial crisis. Growth is expected to slow to less than 2%, which would be its lowest level since 2003. As in the area administered by Turkish Cypriots, water shortages are a perennial problem; a few desalination plants have been added to existing plants over the last year and are now on line. After 10 years of drought, the country received substantial rainfall from 2001-04. Since then, rainfall has been well below average, making water rationing a necessity.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$22.69 billion (2008 est.)
$21.9 billion (2007)
$20.98 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$25.59 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
3.6% (2008 est.)
4.4% (2007 est.)
4.1% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$28,600 (2008 est.)
$27,800 (2007 est.)
$26,700 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 19.1%
services: 78.3% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
403,000 (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 20.5%
services: 71% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate:
3.8% (2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
29 (2005)

Investment (gross fixed):
21.4% of GDP (2008 est.)

revenues:: $11.33 billion
expenditures:: $11.2 billion (2008 est.)

Public debt:
49% of GDP (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
5.1% (2008 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
5% (31 December 2007)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
6.74% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$4.094 billion
note: this figure represents the US dollar value of Cypriot pounds in circulation prior to Cyprus joining the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); see entry for the European Union for money supply in the euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 16 members of the EMU; individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money and quasi money circulating within their own borders (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$43.93 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$52.09 billion (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$29.48 billion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture - products:
citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables; poultry, pork, lamb; dairy, cheese

tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products

Industrial production growth rate:
2.8% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
4.52 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
4.151 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2008 est.)

Oil - consumption:
57,830 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
55,970 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
NA bbl

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006)

Current account balance:
-$2.609 billion (2008 est.)

$1.53 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, and clothing

Exports - partners:
Greece 21.1%, UK 14.3%, Germany 6.6% (2007)

$8.689 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment

Imports - partners:
Greece 17.7%, Italy 10.2%, UK 9.6%, Germany 9.4%, Israel 6.5%, France 5.4%, China 5.3%, Netherlands 4.1% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$1.476 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Debt - external:
$28.84 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$15.04 billion (2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$6.403 billion (2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6827 (2008 est.), Cypriot pounds (CYP) per US dollar - 0.4286 (2007), 0.4586 (2006), 0.4641 (2005), 0.4686 (2004)

Economy of the area administered by Turkish Cypriots:
Economy - overview: The Turkish Cypriot economy has roughly 40% of the per capita GDP of the south, and economic growth tends to be volatile, given the north's relative isolation, bloated public sector, reliance on the Turkish lira, and small market size. Agriculture and services, together, employ more than half of the work force. The Turkish Cypriot economy grew around 10.6% in 2006, fueled by growth in the construction and education sectors, as well as increased employment of Turkish Cypriots in the area under government control. GDP declined about 2.0% in 2007. The Turkish Cypriots are heavily dependent on transfers from the Turkish Government. Ankara directly finances around one-third of the "TRNC's" budget. Aid from Turkey has exceeded $400 million annually in recent years. The Turkish Cypriot economy probably will probably experience a sharp slowdown in 2008-2009 due to the global financial crisis, because the Turkish Cypriot financial sector is dominated by mainland Turkish banks, and because of its reliance on the hard-hit British and Turkish markets for tourism.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.865 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -2% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita: $11,800 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8.6%, industry: 22.5%, services: 69.1% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 95,030 (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 14.5%, industry: 29%, services: 56.5% (2004)
Unemployment rate: 9.4% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: %NA
Inflation rate: 11.4% (2006)
Budget: revenues: $2.5 billion, expenditures: $2.5 billion (2006)
Agriculture - products: citrus fruit, dairy, potatoes, grapes, olives, poultry, lamb
Industries: foodstuffs, textiles, clothing, ship repair, clay, gypsum, copper, furniture
Industrial production growth rate: -0.3% (2007 est.)
Electricity production: 998.9 million kWh (2005)
Electricity consumption: 797.9 million kWh (2005)
Exports: $68.1 million, f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Export - commodities: citrus, dairy, potatoes, textiles
Export - partners: Turkey 40%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Imports: $1.2 billion, f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import - commodities: vehicles, fuel, cigarettes, food, minerals, chemicals, machinery
Import - partners: Turkey 60%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Economic aid - recipient: under a July 2006 agreement, Turkey plans to provide the area administered by Turkish Cypriots 1.875 billion YTL ($1.3 billion) over three years (600 million YTL in 2006, 625 million YTL in 2007 and 650 million YTL in 2008); Turkey has forgiven most past aid; additionally, the EU pledged financial assistance of Euro 259 million ($388 million) in 2004, which is yet to be disbursed.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $NA
Debt - external: $NA
Currency (code): Turkish new lira (YTL)
Exchange rates: Turkish new lira per US dollar: 1.319 (2007) 1.4286 (2006) 1.3436 (2005) 1.4255 (2004) 1.5009 (2003)

NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.

This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
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