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Eritrea People 2009
http://www.geographic.org/wfb2009/eritrea/eritrea_people.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Population:
5,647,168 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.8% (male 1,212,848/female 1,202,240)
15-64 years: 53.7% (male 1,483,169/female 1,547,078)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 92,009/female 109,824) (2009 est.)

Median age:
total: 18.4 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.577% (2009 est.)

Birth rate:
34.2 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:
8.63 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate:
NA (2009 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 21% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 5.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 43.33 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 61.78 years
male: 59.71 years
female: 63.9 years (2009 est.)


See also: Healthy Life Expectancy


See also: Health Performance

Total fertility rate:
4.72 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.3% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
38,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,600 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2009)

Nationality:
noun: Eritrean(s)
adjective: Eritrean

Ethnic groups:
Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%

Religions:
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Languages:
Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.6%
male: 69.9%
female: 47.6% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 5 years
male: 6 years
female: 4 years (2004)

Education expenditures:
2.4% of GDP (2006)


NOTE: The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eritrea People 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea People 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
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