| COUNTRIES | Geographic.org | GEOLOGY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Estonia Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/estonia/estonia_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Custom Search
. Feedback


Estonia Economy 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
Estonia, a 2004 European Union entrant, has a modern market-based economy and one of the highest per capita income levels in Central Europe. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to promarket reforms. Tallinn's priority has been to sustain high growth rates - on average 8% over the last four years. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, and Germany. The current government has pursued relatively sound fiscal policies, resulting in balanced budgets and low public debt. Rapid growth, however, has made it difficult to keep inflation and large current-account deficits from soaring, putting downward pressure on the country's currency. The government has not given up on joining the euro, but has repeatedly postponed its euro adoption target. Estonia's economy slowed down markedly and even fell into recession in mid-2008, primarily as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the bursting of the real estate market bubble.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$27.72 billion (2008 est.)
$28.73 billion (2007)
$27.02 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$23.46 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
-3% (2008 est.)
6.3% (2007 est.)
10.4% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$21,200 (2008 est.)
$21,800 (2007 est.)
$20,400 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 2.9%
industry: 32.3%
services: 64.8% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
686,000 (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 4.7%
industry: 33.7%
services: 61.6% (2007)

Unemployment rate:
6.2% (30 September 2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.5%
highest 10%: 27.6% (2003)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
34 (2008)

Investment (gross fixed):
29.4% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $8.92 billion
expenditures: $9.091 billion (2008 est.)

Public debt:
3.8% of GDP (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
10.4% (2008 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
6.46% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$7.158 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$4.253 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$21.35 billion (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$6.037 billion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture - products:
potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish

Industries:
engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications

Industrial production growth rate:
2.5% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
12.19 billion kWh (2007)

Electricity - consumption:
7.18 billion kWh (2007)

Electricity - exports:
2.765 billion kWh (2007)

Electricity - imports:
345 million kWh (2007)

Oil - production:
7,430 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption:
30,440 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
7,000 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
28,170 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007)

Natural gas - consumption:
1.003 billion cu m (2007)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007)

Natural gas - imports:
1.003 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$3.037 billion (2008 est.)

Exports:
$13.16 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
machinery and equipment 29%, wood and paper 13%, metals 10%, food products 8%, textiles 5%, chemical products (2007)

Exports - partners:
Finland 17.9%, Sweden 13.2%, Latvia 11.4%, Russia 8.9%, Lithuania 5.8%, Germany 5.2%, US 4.1% (2007)

Imports:
$16.23 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment 35%, textiles 19%, mineral fuels 19%, chemical products 9%, foodstuffs 6% (2001)

Imports - partners:
Finland 15.9%, Germany 12.8%, Sweden 10.1%, Russia 10%, Latvia 7.6%, Lithuania 6.9%, Poland 4.5% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$3.657 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Debt - external:
$29.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$18.94 billion (2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$6.723 billion (2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
krooni (EEK) per US dollar - 10.7 (2008), 11.535 (2007), 12.473 (2006), 12.584 (2005), 12.596 (2004)
note: the krooni is pegged to the euro


NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
Copyright © 1995-2020 ITA (all rights reserved).