| COUNTRIES | Geographic.org | GEOLOGY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Guyana Economy 2009
http://www.geographic.org/wfb2009/guyana/guyana_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Custom Search


. Feedback


Economy - overview:
The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in recent years and is based largely on agriculture and extractive industries. The economy is heavily dependent upon the export of six commodities - sugar, gold, bauxite, shrimp, timber, and rice - which represent nearly 60% of the country's GDP and are highly susceptible to adverse weather conditions and fluctuations in commodity prices. Economic recovery since the 2005 flood-related contraction has been buoyed by increases in remittances and foreign direct investment in the sugar and rice industries as well as the mining sector. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term from restructuring and partial privatization, and the state-owned sugar industry will conduct efficiency increasing modernizations. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have remained flat as rising commodity prices have offset declining production, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy costs. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. In March 2007, the Inter-American Development Bank, Guyana's principal donor, canceled Guyana's nearly $470 million debt, equivalent to nearly 48% of GDP, which along with other Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) debt forgiveness brought the debt-to-GDP ratio down from 183% in 2006 to 120% in 2007. Guyana became heavily indebted as a result of the inward-looking, state-led development model pursued in the 1970s and 1980s. Guyana's entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) in January 2006 has broadened the country's export market, primarily in the raw materials sector.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$3.01 billion (2008 est.)
$2.878 billion (2007)
$2.733 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$1.134 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
3.2% (2008 est.)
5.3% (2007 est.)
5.1% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,900 (2008 est.)
$3,700 (2007 est.)
$3,600 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 31.9%
industry: 21%
services: 47.2% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
418,000 (2001 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Unemployment rate:
11% (2007)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.3%
highest 10%: 33.8% (1999)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
43.2 (1999)

Investment (gross fixed):
40.5% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $463.7 million
expenditures: $536 million (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
7.8% (2008 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
6.5% (31 December 2007)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
14.61% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$315.2 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$728.8 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$739.3 million (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$262.4 million (31 December 2007)

Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, rice, shrimp, fish, edible oils; beef, pork, poultry

Industries:
bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining

Industrial production growth rate:
1% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
600 million kWh (2007)

Electricity - consumption:
600 million kWh (2007)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - consumption:
10,440 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
10,960 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$246 million (2008 est.)

Exports:
$736.9 million f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
sugar, gold, bauxite, alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber

Exports - partners:
Canada 18.7%, US 16.5%, UK 9.1%, Portugal 7.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 5.2%, France 4.7%, Netherlands 4.6%, Jamaica 4% (2007)

Imports:
$1.162 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food

Imports - partners:
Trinidad and Tobago 26.2%, US 20.5%, Cuba 7.2%, China 7.1%, UK 5.4% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$309.7 million (30 September 2008)

Debt - external:
$804.3 million (30 September 2008)

Exchange rates:
Guyanese dollars (GYD) per US dollar - 203.86 (2008 est.), 201.89 (2007), 200.28 (2006), 200.79 (2005), 198.31 (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.



- Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).
- If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

http://www.geographic.org/wfb2009/guyana/guyana_economy.html

This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
Copyright © 1995-2009 ITA all rights reserved.