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Hong Kong Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/hong_kong/hong_kong_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Hong Kong Economy 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
Hong Kong has a free market economy highly dependent on international trade and finance, which has left it heavily exposed to the global economic slowdown that began in 2008. The total value of goods and services trade, including the sizable share of reexports, was equivalent to 404% of GDP in 2007. The territory has become increasingly integrated with mainland China over the past few years through trade, tourism, and financial links. The mainland has long been Hong Kong's largest trading partner, accounting for nearly 49% of Hong Kong's exports trade by value in 2008. As a result of China's easing of travel restrictions, the number of mainland tourists to the territory has surged from 4.5 million in 2001 to 16.9 million in 2008, when they outnumbered visitors from all other countries combined. Hong Kong has also established itself as the premier stock market for Chinese firms seeking to list abroad. More than one-third of the firms listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange are now mainland Chinese companies, and they account for 60% of the Exchange's market capitalization. During the past decade, as Hong Kong's manufacturing industry moved to the mainland, its service industry has grown rapidly and now accounts for more than 92% of the territory's GDP. Hong Kong's natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. GDP growth averaged a strong 5% from 1989 to 2007, but the global financial crisis caused a sharp slowdown in the second half of 2008, pushing the territory into recession. Hong Kong continues to link its currency closely to the US dollar, maintaining an arrangement established in 1983.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$307.6 billion (2008 est.)
$299.5 billion (2007)
$281.5 billion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$223.8 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
2.8% (2008 est.)
6.4% (2007 est.)
7% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$43,800 (2008 est.)
$42,900 (2007 est.)
$40,600 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 0%
industry: 7.9%
services: 92% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
3.67 million (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
manufacturing 6.1%, construction 1.9%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 42.9%, financing, insurance, and real estate 21.4%, transport and communications 7.9%, community and social services 19.7%
note: above data exclude public sector (2008 est.)

Unemployment rate:
4.1% (December 2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
53.3 (2007)

Investment (gross fixed):
20.6% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $36.62 billion
expenditures: $38.89 billion (2008 est.)

Public debt:
14.5% of GDP (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.1% (2008 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
0.5% (31 December 2008)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
5% (31 December 2008)

Stock of money:
$63.03 billion (31 December 2008)

Stock of quasi money:
$352.4 billion (31 December 2008)

Stock of domestic credit:
$272.4 billion (31 December 2008)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$1.32 trillion (31 December 2008)

Agriculture - products:
fresh vegetables; poultry, pork; fish

Industries:
textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks

Industrial production growth rate:
0% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
38.4 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
44.6 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - exports:
3.7 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - imports:
11 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2008)

Oil - consumption:
315,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)

Oil - exports:
19,480 bbl/day (2008)

Oil - imports:
334,900 bbl/day (2008)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2008)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2008)

Natural gas - consumption:
3.08 billion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2008)

Natural gas - imports:
3.08 billion cu m (2008 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
$22.44 billion (2008 est.)

Exports:
$362.1 billion f.o.b., including reexports (2008)

Exports - commodities:
electrical machinery and appliances, textiles, apparel, footwear, watches and clocks, toys, plastics, precious stones, printed material

Exports - partners:
China 48.7%, US 13.7%, Japan 4.5% (2007)

Imports:
$387.9 billion (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
raw materials and semi-manufactures, consumer goods, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuel (most is re-exported)

Imports - partners:
China 46.3%, Japan 10%, Taiwan 7.1%, Singapore 6.8%, US 4.9%, South Korea 4.2% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$165.9 billion (31 December 2008)

Debt - external:
$78.84 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$1.235 trillion (2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$1.079 trillion (2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
Hong Kong dollars (HKD) per US dollar - 7.751 (2008), 7.802 (2007), 7.7678 (2006), 7.7773 (2005), 7.788 (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding Hong Kong on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hong Kong Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hong Kong Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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