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Mozambique Introduction 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/mozambique/mozambique_introduction.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Mozambique Introduction 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Background:
Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. Mozambique has seen very strong economic growth since the end of the civil war largely due to post-conflict reconstruction.


NOTE: The information regarding Mozambique on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mozambique Introduction 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mozambique Introduction 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
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