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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/south_georgia_and_the_south_sandwich_islands/south_georgia_and_the_south_sandwich_islands_geography.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Location:
Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

Geographic coordinates:
54 30 S, 37 00 W

Map references:
Antarctic Region

Area:
total: 3,903 sq km
land: 3,903 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Shag Rocks, Black Rock, Clerke Rocks, South Georgia Island, Bird Island, and the South Sandwich Islands, which consist of 11 islands

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
NA

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:
variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

Terrain:
most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m

Natural resources:
fish

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen) (2005)

Irrigated land:
0 sq km

Natural hazards:
the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism

Environment - current issues:
NA

Geography - note:
the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early in the 20th century, live on South Georgia


NOTE: The information regarding South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






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