| COUNTRIES | Geographic.org | GEOLOGY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

United Kingdom Economy 2009
https://geographic.org/wfb2009/united_kingdom/united_kingdom_economy.html
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Custom Search
. Feedback


Ukraine Communications 2009
SOURCE: 2009 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK


Economy - overview:
The UK, a leading trading power and financial center, is one of the quintet of trillion dollar economies of Western Europe. Over the past two decades, the government has greatly reduced public ownership and contained the growth of social welfare programs. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining and the UK became a net importer of energy in 2005; energy industries now contribute about 4% to GDP. Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance. Since emerging from recession in 1992, Britain's economy enjoyed the longest period of expansion on record during which time growth outpaced most of Western Europe. The global economic slowdown, tight credit, and falling home prices, however, pushed Britain back into recession in the latter half of 2008 and prompted the BROWN government to implement a number of new measures to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial markets; these include part-nationalizing the banking system, cutting taxes, suspending public sector borrowing rules, and bringing forward public spending on capital projects. The Bank of England periodically coordinates interest rate moves with the European Central Bank, but Britain remains outside the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), and opinion polls show a majority of Britons oppose joining the euro.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$2.231 trillion (2008 est.)
$2.215 trillion (2007)
$2.151 trillion (2006)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.787 trillion (2008 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
0.7% (2008 est.)
3% (2007 est.)
2.8% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$36,600 (2008 est.)
$36,500 (2007 est.)
$35,500 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 22.8%
services: 76.2% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
31.2 million (2008 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 18.2%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate:
5.5% (2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 28.5% (1999)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
34 (2005)

Investment (gross fixed):
16.7% of GDP (2008 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $1.107 trillion
expenditures: $1.242 trillion (2008 est.)

Public debt:
47.2% of GDP (2008 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.8% (2008 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
NA

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
5.52% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
NA

Stock of quasi money:
NA

Stock of domestic credit:
$5.278 trillion (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$3.859 trillion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture - products:
cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish

Industries:
machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods

Industrial production growth rate:
-0.1% (2008 est.)

Electricity - production:
371 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - consumption:
348.5 billion kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - exports:
3.398 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Electricity - imports:
8.613 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Oil - production:
1.69 million bbl/day (2007est.)

Oil - consumption:
1.763 million bbl/day (2007 est.)

Oil - exports:
1.749 million bbl/day (2005)

Oil - imports:
1.673 million bbl/day (2005)

Oil - proved reserves:
3.6 billion bbl (1 January 2008 est.)

Natural gas - production:
72.3 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
91.1 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
10.4 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
29.2 billion cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
412 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)

Current account balance:
-$72.54 billion (2008 est.)

Exports:
$468.7 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Exports - commodities:
manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Exports - partners:
US 14.2%, Germany 11.1%, France 8.1%, Ireland 8%, Netherlands 6.8%, Belgium 5.3%, Spain 4.5%, Italy 4.1% (2007)

Imports:
$645.7 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)

Imports - commodities:
manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

Imports - partners:
Germany 14.2%, US 8.6%, China 7.3%, Netherlands 7.3%, France 6.9%, Belgium 4.7%, Norway 4.7%, Italy 4.2% (2007)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$57.3 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$10.45 trillion (30 June 2007)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$1.409 trillion (2008 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$1.841 trillion (2008 est.)

Exchange rates:
British pounds (GBP) per US dollar - 0.5302 (2008 est.), 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004)


NOTE: The information regarding United Kingdom on this page is re-published from the 2009 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United Kingdom Economy 2009 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United Kingdom Economy 2009 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 10-Jun-09
Copyright © 1995-2020 ITA (all rights reserved).