Bolivia PEOPLE 2013


Bolivia PEOPLE 2013

Page last updated on February 14, 2013

noun: Bolivian(s)
adjective: Bolivian

Ethnic groups:
Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%

Spanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2% (2001 census)

Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%

Demographic profile:
Bolivia ranks at or near the bottom among Latin American countries in several areas of health and development, including poverty, education, fertility, malnutrition, mortality, and life expectancy. On the positive side, more children are being vaccinated and more pregnant women are getting prenatal care and having skilled health practitioners attend their births. Bolivia's income inequality is the highest in Latin America and one of the highest in the world. Public education is of poor quality, and educational opportunities are among the most unevenly distributed in Latin America, with girls and indigenous and rural children less likely to be literate or to complete primary school. The lack of access to education and family planning services helps to sustain Bolivia's high fertility rate - approximately three children per woman. Bolivia's lack of clean water and basic sanitation, especially in rural areas, contributes to health problems.

Almost 7% of Bolivia's population lives abroad, primarily to work in Argentina, Brazil, Spain, and the United States. In recent years, more restrictive immigration policies in Europe and the United States have increased the flow of Bolivian emigrants to neighboring Argentina and Brazil.

10,290,003 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 34.2% (male 1,793,771/female 1,727,107)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 1,045,178/female 1,020,161)
25-54 years: 35.5% (male 1,772,342/female 1,877,724)
55-64 years: 5.5% (male 265,285/female 300,772)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 215,700/female 271,963) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 22.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 22.1 years
female: 23.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.664% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
24.24 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.76 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 67% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
LA PAZ (capital) 1.642 million; Santa Cruz 1.584 million; Sucre 281,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
180 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 40.94 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 58
male: 44.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.9 years
country comparison to the world: 158
male: 65.16 years
female: 70.77 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.93 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 143
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2001)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 34% of population
rural: 9% of population
total: 25% of population
urban: 66% of population
rural: 91% of population
total: 75% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.2% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
12,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
4.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
6.3% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 25
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.7%
male: 93.1%
female: 80.7% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2007) youth ages 15-24:, youth ages 15-24:
total: 9.2%
country comparison to the world: 108
male: 7.3%
female: 11.8% (2002)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bolivia on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bolivia PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bolivia PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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