El Salvador PEOPLE 2013


El Salvador PEOPLE 2013

Page last updated on February 20, 2013

noun: Salvadoran(s)
adjective: Salvadoran

Ethnic groups:
mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% (2007 census)

Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)

Demographic profile:
El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is well into its demographic transition, experiencing slower population growth, a decline in its number of youths, and the gradual aging of its population. The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador's fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador - its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean - but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

Salvadorans fled during the 1979 to 1992 civil war mainly to the United States but also to Canada and to neighboring Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Emigration to the United States increased again in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of deteriorating economic conditions, natural disasters (Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and earthquakes in 2001), and family reunification. At least 20% of El Salvador's population lives abroad. The remittances they send home account for close to 20% of GDP, are the second largest source of external income after exports, and have helped reduce poverty.

6,090,646 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 29.7% (male 929,135/female 882,159)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.8% (male 635,050/female 633,167)
25-54 years: 36.5% (male 1,018,674/female 1,205,849)
55-64 years: 6.3% (male 175,759/female 210,961)
65 years and over: 6.6% (male 178,004/female 221,888) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 24.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 23.4 years
female: 26.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.303% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
17.44 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.63 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-8.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 206
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 64% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.534 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
81 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 81
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 19.66 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 97
male: 21.73 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 73.69 years
country comparison to the world: 116
male: 70.41 years
female: 77.12 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.04 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.596 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 89% of population
rural: 83% of population
total: 87% of population
urban: 11% of population
rural: 17% of population
total: 13% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.8% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
34,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,400 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
6.1% (2003)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 114
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.1%
male: 82.8%
female: 79.6% (2007 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2008) youth ages 15-24:, youth ages 15-24:
total: 11.4%
country comparison to the world: 94
male: 13%
female: 8.3% (2007)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding El Salvador on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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