Guatemala PEOPLE 2013


Guatemala PEOPLE 2013

Page last updated on February 13, 2013

noun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan

Ethnic groups:
Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)

Spanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%
note: there are 23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca

Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

Demographic profile:
Guatemala is a predominantly poor country that struggles in several areas of health and development, including infant, child, and maternal mortality, malnutrition, literacy, and contraceptive awareness and use. The large indigenous population is disproportionately affected. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America and has the highest fertility rate in Latin America. It also has the highest population growth rate in Latin America, which is likely to continue in the long term because of its large reproductive-age population and high birth rate. Almost half of Guatemala's population is under age 19, making it the youngest population in Latin America. Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. However, the birth rate is still more than three children per woman and is markedly higher among its rural and indigenous populations.

Guatemalans have a history of emigrating legally and illegally to Mexico, the United States, and Canada because of a lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and natural disasters. Emigration, primarily to the United States, escalated during the 1960-1996 civil war and accelerated after a peace agreement was signed. Thousands of Guatemalans who fled to Mexico returned after the war, but labor migration to southern Mexico continues.

14,099,032 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 37.4% (male 2,684,966/female 2,587,063)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 22.2% (male 1,567,943/female 1,564,416)
25-54 years: 31.3% (male 2,093,554/female 2,321,842)
55-64 years: 5.1% (male 345,398/female 367,288)
65 years and over: 4% (male 262,968/female 303,594) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 20.4 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 19.7 years
female: 21.1 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.948% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
26.48 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.92 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 49% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 1.075 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
120 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 25.16 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 78
male: 27.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 71.17 years
country comparison to the world: 142
male: 69.29 years
female: 73.14 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.18 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 120
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.9 physicians/1,000 population (1999)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 89% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 81% of population
urban: 11% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 19% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.8% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
62,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,600 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
17.7% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 69.1%
male: 75.4%
female: 63.3% (2002 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2007)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guatemala on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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