Paraguay PEOPLE 2013


Paraguay PEOPLE 2013

Page last updated on February 13, 2013

noun: Paraguayan(s)
adjective: Paraguayan

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%

Spanish (official), Guarani (official)

Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)

Demographic profile:
Paraguay falls below the Latin American average in several socioeconomic categories, including immunization rates, potable water, sanitation, and secondary school enrollment, and has greater rates of income inequality and child and maternal mortality. Paraguay's poverty rate has declined in recent years but remains high, especially in rural areas, with more than a third of the population below the poverty line. However, the well being of the poor in many regions has improved in terms of housing quality and access to clean water, telephone service, and electricity. The fertility rate continues to drop, declining sharply from an average 4.3 births per woman in the late 1990s to 2.5 in 2008, as a result of the greater educational attainment of women, increased use of contraception, and a desire for smaller families among young women.

Paraguay is a country of emigration; it has not attracted large numbers of immigrants because of political instability, civil wars, years of dictatorship, and the greater appeal of neighboring countries. Paraguay first tried to encourage immigration in 1870 in order to rebound from the heavy death toll it suffered during the War of the Triple Alliance, but it received few European and Middle Eastern immigrants. In the 20th century, limited numbers of immigrants arrived from Lebanon, Japan, South Korea, and China, as well as Mennonites from Canada, Russia, and Mexico. Large flows of Brazilian immigrants have been arriving since the 1960s, mainly to work in agriculture. Paraguayans continue to emigrate to Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, the United States, Italy, Spain, and France.

6,541,591 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.6% (male 918,279/female 887,576)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.9% (male 687,086/female 679,543)
25-54 years: 38.5% (male 1,262,662/female 1,258,347)
55-64 years: 6.7% (male 223,376/female 213,982)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 191,002/female 219,738) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 25.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 25.6 years
female: 26.1 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.256% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
17.22 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.59 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 61% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
ASUNCION (capital) 1.977 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
99 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 74
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 22.24 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 86
male: 26.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.4 years
country comparison to the world: 75
male: 73.78 years
female: 79.14 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.06 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.1% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 76
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.11 physicians/1,000 population (2002)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 90% of population
rural: 40% of population
total: 70% of population
urban: 10% of population
rural: 60% of population
total: 30% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.3% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
13,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)

Education expenditures:
4% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 103
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
male: 94.9%
female: 93% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2007) youth ages 15-24:, youth ages 15-24:
total: 11.8%
country comparison to the world: 92
male: 8.7%
female: 16.8% (2008)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Paraguay on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Paraguay PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Paraguay PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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