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Tanzania PEOPLE 2013

SOURCE: 2013 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tanzania PEOPLE 2013
SOURCE: 2013 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 11, 2013

Nationality:
noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian

Ethnic groups:
mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Languages:
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Religions:
mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Population:
46,912,768 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure:
0-14 years: 45% (male 10,646,436/female 10,461,674)
15-24 years: 19.4% (male 4,553,069/female 4,559,629)
25-54 years: 29.2% (male 6,855,700/female 6,839,430)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 701,915/female 930,892)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 590,927/female 773,096) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 18.7 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 19 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.85% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15

Birth rate:
37.7 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17

Death rate:
8.6 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78

Net migration rate:
-0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128

Urbanization:
urban population: 26% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 4.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
DAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.207 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 23

Infant mortality rate:
total: 46.5 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 48
male: 48.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 53.14 years
country comparison to the world: 206
male: 51.62 years
female: 54.7 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.08 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19

Health expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 138

Physicians density:
0.008 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density:
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 32% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 24% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 76% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
5.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.4 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
86,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
16.7% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 45

Education expenditures:
6.8% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 17

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 69.4%
male: 77.5%
female: 62.2% (2002 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2007)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 8.8%
country comparison to the world: 111
male: 7.4%
female: 10.1% (2005)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania PEOPLE 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania PEOPLE 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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