Ethiopia People 2013


Ethiopia People 2013

Page last updated on February 13, 2013

noun: Ethiopian(s)
adjective: Ethiopian

Ethnic groups:
Oromo 34.5%, Amara 26.9%, Somalie 6.2%, Tigraway 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Affar 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% (2007 Census)

Oromigna (official regional) 33.8%, Amarigna (Amharic) (official) 29.3%, Somaligna 6.2%, Tigrigna (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamigna 4%, Wolayitigna 2.2%, Guaragigna 2%, Affarigna 1.7%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, Gamogna 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (1994 census)

Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)

91,195,675 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.6% (male 20,342,615/female 20,319,812)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 8,976,586/female 9,087,897)
25-54 years: 28.9% (male 13,144,601/female 13,248,588)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 1,719,791/female 1,802,075)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 1,155,374/female 1,398,336) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 16.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 16.5 years
female: 17.1 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.9% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
38.5 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.3 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 114
note: repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali, and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2012 est.)
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 17% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
ADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.863 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 60.9 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 26
male: 69.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 52 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.56 years
country comparison to the world: 196
male: 53.99 years
female: 59.21 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.39 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 170
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.022 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.18 beds/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 29% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 12% of population
urban: 71% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 88% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
34.6% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.5% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 42.7%
male: 50.3%
female: 35.1% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 8 years (2008) youth ages 15-24:, youth ages 15-24:
total: 24.9%
country comparison to the world: 30
male: 19.5%
female: 29.4% (2006)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia People 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia People 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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