Guyana People 2013


Guyana People 2013

Page last updated on February 5, 2013

noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese

Ethnic groups:
East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)

English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu

Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)

Demographic profile:
Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure.

Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.

741,908 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 31.1% (male 117,415/female 113,211)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.3% (male 77,766/female 73,062)
25-54 years: 36.7% (male 137,511/female 134,822)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 22,139/female 29,364)
65 years and over: 4.9% (male 15,007/female 21,611) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 24.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 23.5 years
female: 25 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
-0.327% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 212
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16.69 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.18 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-12.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 29% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population:
GEORGETOWN (capital) 132,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
280 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 35.59 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 66
male: 39.74 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.39 years
country comparison to the world: 160
male: 63.57 years
female: 71.4 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.27 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
6.1% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.59 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.51 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 85% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 81% of population
urban: 15% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 19% of population

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.2% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
5,900 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
10.8% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
6.1% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 91.8%
male: 92%
female: 91.6% (2002 Census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2009) youth ages 15-24:, youth ages 15-24:
total: 24.1%
country comparison to the world: 35
male: 20.6%
female: 31.3% (2002)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2013 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana People 2013 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana People 2013 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 11-Mar-13
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